|The chi-ro symbol, composed of the first two letters of the Greek word christos. It is also found in marginalia to denote pertinent passages, used by pagan Greeks as shorthand for the word chreston, which means good.|
|The rod of Asclepius, Greek god of medicine, entwined with a serpent, symbol of rejuvenation and rebirth.|
I had always thought of the bolo or bola tie as an essential part of American western wear, but of course its roots reach more broadly into time and space. The word bola comes from boleadora, a type of lariat used by native South Americans and gauchos to capture wayward cattle and large birds and also as a fighting weapon. I was surprised to discover that there are also surviving examples of boleadoras from Ming and Qing dynasty China as well as from the Inuit and Eskimo cultures (where the tool is called qilumitautit).
|Ming dynasty Chinese boleadora|